termos_internacionais_do_comercio

EXW – Ex Works (Named Places) From the production site (Named Places)

In this term, the exporter fulfills his participation in business when placed in the goods transport packaging
(box, bag, etc.). And made ??them available on time, on their own premises.
Thus, the importer abroad take all steps to remove the goods from the exporter’s premises, internal transportation,
shipping overseas, licensing, hiring of international freight and insurance, etc..

The term “EXW” should not be used when the seller is not able to, right or indirectly, to obtain the documents
necessary for export of goods. ”

As can be seen, the buyer assumes all costs and risks involved in the transport of goods from point of origin to
the destination.

FCA – Free Carrier (named place) Free Carrier

In this term the seller (exporter) has fulfilled his obligations when he delivers the goods, cleared for export, to
the attention of international carrier indicated by the buyer at the designated location in the country of
origin.It should be noted that the chosen place of delivery has an impact on the obligations of loading and
unloading the goods there.

If delivery occurs at the seller, the seller is responsible for loading.

If delivery occurs elsewhere, the seller is not responsible for unloading.

Thus, it is the buyer (importer) hire international freight and insurance.

This term may be used for any mode of transport.

FAS – Free Alongside Ship (named port of shipment) Free Alongside

This term means the seller’s responsibility ends when the goods are placed along the side of the carrier vessel in
the port of loading.The hiring of international freight and insurance is up to the buyer.

The seller is responsible for clearing the goods for export.This term can only be used in water transport (sea,
river or lake).

DEQ – Delivered Ex Quay (named port of destination) Delivered Ex-Quay (named port of destination)

In this term, the seller “deliver” the goods when they are made ??available to the buyer, cleared for export but
not cleared for import at the dock of the named port of destination.The seller has an obligation to take the goods
to the port of destination and discharging the goods on the quay.

The risks and costs are transferred from the seller to the buyer from the “delivery” in the harbor of destination.

This term may be used only when the goods should be delivered by sea or inland waterway or multimodal, in landing
the ship on the quay (wharf) at the port of destination.

DDU – Delivered Duty Unpaid (named place of destination) Delivered Duty Unpaid (named place of destination)

This term means the seller fulfills his obligation to deliver when the goods have been made ??available at the
designated location in the country of final destination, cleared for import.The seller assumes all risks and costs,
including taxes, fees and other charges on imports.Unlike the term “EXW”, which represents the minimum obligation
for the seller, the “DDP” carries a maximum of obligations to the seller.

This term may be used in any mode of transport, including multimodal.This term means the seller pays the freight
for the transportation of goods to the designated location.

The risk of loss or damage to goods, as well as any additional costs due to events occurring after the delivery of
goods to the carrier are transferred by the seller to the buyer when the goods are delivered to the custody of the
carrier.

The CPT term requires the seller to clear the goods for export.This term can be used in any mode of transport,
including multimodal.

DDP – Delivered Duty Paid (named place of destination) Delivered Duty Paid (named place of destination)

This term means the seller fulfills his obligation to deliver when the goods have been made ??available at the
designated location in the country of final destination, cleared for import.The seller assumes all risks and costs,
including taxes, fees and other charges in importação.Ao otherwise the term “EXW, which represents the minimum
obligation for the seller, the” DDP “carries a maximum of obligations to the seller. The term “DDP” should not be
used when the seller is not able to directly or indirectly, to obtain the necessary documents for importation of
goods.

This term may be used for any mode of transport, including multimodal.Nesse term, the seller pays the freight for
the transportation of goods to the place designado.Os risk of loss or damage to goods as well as any additional
costs due to events occurring after delivery of goods to the carrier are transferred by the seller to the buyer
when the goods are delivered to the custody of the carrier.The CPT term requires the seller to clear the goods for
export.This term can be used in any mode of transport, including multimodal.

DES – Delivered Ex Ship (named port f destination) Delivered Ex Ship (named port f destination)

This term means the seller fulfills his obligations when the goods are delivered to the buyer on board the ship not
cleared for export at the port of discharge.The seller bears all costs and risks during international travel.

The removal of goods from ship and customs clearance must be provided by the buyer (importer).This term can only be
used in water transport (sea, river or lake).

CIP – Carriage and Insurance Paid to (named place of destination) Carriage and Insurance Paid to (named place of destination)

This term means the seller has the same obligations as defined in the “CPT” and additionally carries the insurance
risk of loss or damage of goods during international transport.

The buyer should note that the term “CIP” the seller must contract insurance with minimum aperture, since the sale
(transfer of responsibility for the goods) takes place in the country of the seller.

The CIP term requires the seller to clear the goods for export.This term can be used for any mode of transport,
including multimodal.

DAF Delivered Frontier (named place) Delivered at Frontier (named place)

This term means the seller fulfills his obligations when he delivers the goods, cleared for export, at a border
point named and defined as precisely as possible.The delivery of goods to the buyer occurs at a point before the
customs border of parents.

The term “DAF” can be used for any mode of transport.However, it is usually employed when the mode of transport is
by land (road or rail).

FOB – Free on Board (named for of shipment) Free on Board (named port of shipment)

This term means the seller’s liability on the goods, works until the moment of transposition of the rail of the
ship (“ship’s rail”), the port of embarkation, although the placement of goods on board the ship is also, in
principle, task to the seller.

The FOB term requires the seller to clear the goods for export.It should be noted that the international carrier is
hired by the buyer (importer).

Soon on sale “FOB”, the exporter needs to know what the term maritime agreed between the buyer and owner, to see
who will cover the shipment of goods.This term can only be used in water transport (sea, river or lake).

CFR – Cost and Freight (named port of destination) Cost and Freight (named port of destination)

This term means the seller bears all costs prior to international departure and the hiring of international freight
to transport the goods to the port of destination.

It should be noted that the risk of loss or damage to goods is transferred from seller to the buyer at the port of
loading (equal to the FOB, the “rail’s ships”).Thus, trading (selling itself) is still occurring in the country of
the seller.

The CFR term requires the seller to clear the goods for export.

This term can only be used in water transport (sea, river or lake).

CIF – Cost, Insurance and Freight (named porto of destination ) Cost, Insurance and Freight (named porto of destination )

This term means the seller has the same obligations as the “CFR” and, additionally, to hire marine insurance
against risks of loss and damage during transport.

As the negotiation is still occurring in the exporting country (the ship’s rail at the port of embarkation, is the
point of transfer of responsibility for the goods), the buyer should note that the term “CIF” the seller is only
required to hire insurance with minimum coverage.

The CIF term requires the seller to clear the goods for export.This term can only be used in water transport (sea,
river or lake).